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Associated species

Those species that (i) prey upon the target species, (ii) are preyed on by it, (iii) compete with it for food, living space, etc.; or (iv) co-occur in the same fishing area and are exploited (or accidentally taken) in the same fishery or fisheries. These interactions can occur at any stage of the life cycle of one or other species, and the range of species concerned can therefore be very large.